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Why do ordinary seamless steel pipes need to be pickled?

In the rolling of seamless steel pipes, especially in the production process of precision seamless steel pipes, how does the pickling process work? Today’s article will reveal for you.

Overview of Pickling of Precision Seamless Steel Pipe

The method of using acid solution to remove oxide scale and rust on the surface of steel is called pickling. Iron oxides such as scale and rust (Fe3O4, Fe2O3, FeO, etc.) react chemically with the acid solution to form salts that are dissolved in the acid solution and removed. Acids for pickling include sulfuric acid, hydrochloric acid, phosphoric acid, nitric acid and mixed acids.

Common media for pickling precision seamless steel pipes:

Sulfuric acid, nitric acid, phosphoric acid, hydrofluoric acid. When pickling, be sure to add pickling corrosion inhibitor to prevent the acid from corroding the metal.

Precision seamless steel pipe pickling process

There are mainly dip pickling method, spray pickling method and acid paste derusting method. Generally, the dipping and pickling method is used, and the spray method can be used in mass production. Steel parts are generally pickled in 10%-20% sulfuric acid solution at a temperature of 40°C. When the iron content in the solution exceeds 80g/L and ferrous sulfate exceeds 215g/L, the pickling solution should be replaced. At room temperature, the steel is pickled with 20% to 80% hydrochloric acid solution to prevent corrosion and hydrogen embrittlement. Since acid has a great corrosion effect on metals, corrosion inhibitors need to be added. After cleaning, the metal surface becomes silvery white, and the surface is passivated to improve the corrosion resistance of stainless steel. In order to eliminate the adsorption on the surface of the diatomaceous earth carrier and reduce the chromatographic peak tailing, the carrier needs to be acid washed or alkaline washed before use. Pickling is to soak the carrier with 6mol/L hydrochloric acid for 2 hours or heat and soak with concentrated hydrochloric acid for 30 minutes, filter, wash with water to neutrality, and dry. Pickling can remove iron, aluminum, calcium, magnesium and other impurities on the surface, but cannot remove silanol groups. The pickling carrier is suitable for analyzing acidic samples.

The role of precision seamless steel pipe pickling

Degreasing and derusting the surface of precision seamless steel pipes in order to prepare for the next process. In the production process, the pickling process is to remove the surface oxide scale, and then go through lubrication treatment (carbon steel-phosphorous saponification, stainless steel-butter lime, copper aluminum pipe-oiling), using the old process-copper plating) For drawing and deep processing.

Tips: ASME SA 106 grade B Seamless Pressure Pipe
For each reduction of 0.01 % below the specified carbon maximum, an increase of 0.06 % manganese above the specified maximum will be permitted up to a maximum of 1.35 %.

 

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